In economic terms, the world's countries have great opportunities to develop green energy. The chances are greater if oil prices continue to sit on fossil-based high level.
From the several studies that have been done.we can draw some conclusions. First, if only the costs of fuel production, you can bet the price of biodiesel per liter more expensive than the price of diesel oil. It is as if describing a reality that has long been believed that the creation of extractive mining-based products such as oil will be cheaper than the agriculture-based products. Second, the product of biodiesel would be competitive if there is a possible reduction in raw material prices and rising diesel fuel prices. This is definitely an opportunity when it will occur given the continued decline of oil reserves that will increase the price in international market. Moreover, if the development of alternative feedstocks such as jatropha taken so well that there are opportunities down the cost of raw materials. Third, the product of biodiesel would be competitive in the country that in fact its far from the diesel oil distribution channels. However, it can produce biodiesel in the price of diesel fuel is no different from when arrived at that place. For example, rural areas in Africa. Fourth, the introduction of biodiesel in the early stages DAPT carried out using a strategy of mixing (blending) of diesel oil. Substitution of fossil-based oil to green energy is actually very interesting when viewed from the level of the international economy.
For the development of sustainable biodiesel, it is almost impossible in the world's countries pinned their hopes solely on palm oil. And as the strongest candidate alternative is Jatropha (Jatropha curcas), which is now beginning to be heeded. Indeed, in developing countries do not have the experience to develop Jatropha extensively and on a wide scale. Extensive research is still ongoing. However, the estimated economic value of production of Jatropha oil-based biodiesel can be made using the Nicaraguan experience in developing similar products.
Calculation of the macroeconomic development of green energy will be more interesting if it is associated with the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) or Mechanisme Clean Development (CDM) as stipulated in the Protocol Kyoto.CDM is the only mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol that allows developing countries to help countries developed countries to meet emission-reduction schedule-gas emissions with greenhouse gases emerging as the host. As stated dlaam Kyoto Protocol, while supporting sustainable development in developing countries through CDM allows developing countries participate in the achievement of the objectives of the Convention on Climate Change (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, UNFCCC).
Are like in mind, the Kyoto Protocol target is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in 2008-2012 developed countries to the disposal of 5% below 1990 levels. Way in which, first, reduce greenhouse gas emissions at the level of individual countries through policy development without runah gas emissions. Second, expanding the natural capacity to absorb greenhouse gases through the expansion of forest and land management that is more environmentally friendly. Third, develop a global mechanism to achieve the Protocol targets, among others, by realizing "greenhouse gas emissions trading" which allows industrialized countries to "buy" a number of levels of reduction in greenhouse gas emissions through the development of environmentally friendly projects in developing countries. Was developed for clean development mechanism (Clean Development Mechanism / CDM). CDM is designed as a form of investment with a market-based emissions reduction certificates (Certified Emisiion Reduction / CER) as a commodity. Implementation of this mechanism is monitored by the CDM Executive Board consisting of 10orang selected by the Conference of Parties, a conference member states signatory to the UN climate change convention.
States parties to the convention of climate change such as developing countries, should immediately establish a Designated National Authority (DNA) as the national authority in charge of implementing the Kyoto Protocol, Clean Development Mechanism and realize buangna controlling greenhouse gases. Since the enactment of the Kyoto Protocol, the European Union, Canada, and Japan have entered "greenhouse gas emissions market" offers a development fund environmentally friendly projects to reduce greenhouse gases. The World Bank also has raised funds amounting to 800 million U.S. dollars "Prototype Carbon Fund" (PCF) to finance environmentally friendly projects in developing countries.
It has been known, diving growth of biofuel crops will absorb CO2 from the atmosphere in the process of photosynthesis. This suggests that biofuels are environmentally friendly because of the amount of carbon dioxide produced from combustion has been compensated by the gas absorption by plants during the growing Jatropha. Rather, by all kinds of plants that produce vegetable oil is burned as fuel, the amount of carbon dioxide is absorbed in the process of photosynthesis was 1.8 per kg of dry plant. Diesel oil consumption for transportation in 2005 reached 25.5 million kiloliters. If 5% of consumption needs is replaced by biodiesel from Jatropha, will require 639 units of biodiesel processing plant with a production capacity of each plant about 1.28 million liters. Annual emission reduction potential of 3.46 million tonnes of CO2.
Unlike fossil fuels, kerosene, diesel and the premium that is not renewable (non-renewable), pollute the environment, and continuity is not guaranteed (unsustain-able), biofuels can be updated, do not pollute the environment, and continuity is assured. By developing our biofuels has contributed a great deal to not add to carbon emissions in the atmosphere, causing global warming.
Combustion per kilogram (roughly equivalent to one liter) petrodiesel will produce carbon dioxide emissions by about 3 kg. The use of biofuels as a substitute petrodiesel will reduce emissions as much as this anyway. For every liter of biofuel can be claimed reduction in carbon dioxide emissions by 3 kg.
Through the scheme (clean development and mechanisme), developing countries will have the opportunity to develop Biomass to energy conversion technology that is more convenient, such as electricity from steam turbine fuel (biomassed-based steam turbine), gas, biomass (gassification), anaerobic decomposition (anaerobic digester), and liquid fuels from biomass (liquid biofuels).
In the end, the development of green energy is very strategic because it opens up economic opportunities, it can even be used as part of a strategy to reduce unemployment while improving the living standards of poor families in rural areas, especially in developing countries.
In 2008, presumptive Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama speaks during a town-hall style meeting Wednesday afternoon in Rolla. Obama said the nation needs to invest in green energy. Source: http://www.columbiamissourian.com/stories/2008/07/30/obama-emphasizes-green-economy-during-rural-missouri-economic-tour/
I have no doubt that we will be successful in harnessing the sun's energy. If sunbeams were weapons of war, we would have had solar energy centuries ago.
– Sir George Porter, quoted in The Observer, 26 August 1973
The use of solar energy has not been opened up because the oil industry does not own the sun.
– Ralph Nader, quoted in Linda Botts, ed., Loose Talk, 1980
Thank God men cannot fly, and lay waste the sky as well as the earth.
– Henry David Thoreau
There's so much pollution in the air now that if it weren't for our lungs there'd be no place to put it all.
– Robert Orben
There is a sufficiency in the world for man's need but not for man's greed.
– Mohandas K. Gandhi
Modern technology Owes ecology An apology.
– Alan M. Eddison
Don't blow it - good planets are hard to find.
– Quoted in Time
Nature provides a free lunch, but only if we control our appetites.
– William Ruckelshaus, Business Week, 18 June 1990
I think the environment should be put in the category of our national security. Defense of our resources is just as important as defense abroad. Otherwise what is there to defend?
– Robert Redford, Yosemite National Park dedication, 1985
Your grandchildren will likely find it incredible - or even sinful - that you burned up a gallon of gasoline to fetch a pack of cigarettes!
– Paul MacCready, Jr.
We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors, we borrow it from our children.
– Native American Proverb
When we heal the earth, we heal ourselves.
– David Orr
How long can men thrive between walls of brick, walking on asphalt pavements, breathing the fumes of coal and of oil, growing, working, dying, with hardly a thought of wind, and sky, and fields of grain, seeing only machine-made beauty, the mineral-like quality of life?
– Charles A. Lindbergh, Reader's Digest, November 1939
For a successful technology, reality must take precedence over public relations, for Nature cannot be fooled.
– Richard P. Feynman
Living in the midst of abundance we have the greatest difficulty in seeing that the supply of natural wealth is limited and that the constant increase of population is destined to reduce the American standard of living unless we deal more sanely with our resources.